The research will be based on six school-based case studies of primary schools. The data collection methods and number of participants to be applied in each case study are shown in the Table. There will be small variations according to the size of the school for example.




Per case study school 6 classroom observations Teachers and children
5 in-depth interviews 3-5 teachers
5 focus groups(with children, teachers, other adults and/or family members) 3 groups of 4-6 children1 group of 4-6 relatives1 group of 4-6 teachers
3 detailed life story interviews 3 children
2 life story interviews 2 non-teacher adults
TOTAL (six case studies)

21 techniques

10 participants interviewed

20-35 participants in focus groups

TOTAL (participants in the Project)

60 participants interviewed

120-210 participants in focus groups

The schools will be in Eastern England, but we hope to include two schools in Spain, which already seek an epistemic climate respectful of children’s funds of knowledge. The schools will be selected on the basis of size, location and achievement level to include a range positions on these variables

The interviews with children will be similar to those carried out in the ChALK project. Following a group activity about knowledge, the children are asked to talk together about some ‘big’ questions, such as ‘ What is knowledge?”.  After this they carry out a written task, just like the initial activity, as individuals.  We are seeking parental and child consent to video or audio tape the discussions to permit transcription and analysis.

The classroom observation will be partly time sampled and part field notes and will be designed to pick up ‘epistemic opportunities’ where the teacher may or may not be inclined to encourage the child’s existing knowledge, including that acquired out of school to be voiced.